We all know the importance of skincare routine in an individual's life. But the question arises at what age is it necessary to start a proper skincare routine? Beginning a routine when you're a teenager can allow you to develop good skincare habits that you'll keep as you age. Also, it's essential for preventing skin disorders like acne, breakouts and pimples.
Understanding Teenage Skin
Your body goes through a number of transitions when you enter adolescence. Teenage skin is more resilient and persistent than child skin. It has plenty of collagen stored inside. But due to hormonal changes in teenagers, the sebaceous glands in the skin are stimulated to produce more oil and sebum. When this excess oil and hair follicles combine, blackheads and whiteheads form. The other skin issues that occur are outbreaks, acne and clogged pores. We will discuss in detail about common skin concerns during adolescence in the next section.
Common skin concerns during adolescence
Some of the most common skin conditions that are prevalent in teenagers are:
is the most common skin concern of any teen. It occurs when skin pores get clogged due to excess oil or sebum, trapping dead skin cells and forming pimples. The area gets red and inflamed and when bacteria goes deep into the skin, it results in formation of acne cysts and nodules. Teenage acne usually occurs on cheeks and forehead.
2.Eczema: Eczema is a medical term for itching, rashes, irritation and swelling of the skin. It is most commonly present on the face, elbows, knees, feet and hands. In teens, eczema could occur when they play rough games or wear any sport equipment.
3.Sunburn: Teenagers are at a high risk of sunburn as they spend a lot of time playing outdoor games. Sunburns occur due to overexposure of sunlight. Therefore, teenagers should apply sunscreen to reduce this effect and protect their skin from sun damage.
4.Excessive sweating: Everyone sweats when the body regulates its temperature. However, teens experience more sweating than others, especially on the face, underarms, palms and feet.
Factors affecting teenage skin health
There are several factors that influence skin health of a teenager. Some of them are:
Teenagers usually like to have foods rich in fats, sugar and carbohydrates. With the intake of these foods, issues like acne, pimples and oily skin prevails among teens. Therefore, dermatologists recommend having a balanced diet to keep skin healthy. Take more vegetables, proteins and antioxidant rich food items. Also, it is important to drink plenty of water.
During puberty, teenagers usually experience hormonal changes. The levels of testosterone rises in males and females start their menstrual cycle. Therefore, the levels of hormones fluctuate that affect the moisture balance of skin. Thus, leading to more acne and oiliness on the face.
Teenagers spend the majority of their time playing outside in the sun. The rays of sun may cause serious skin damage, sunburn and sun spots. Therefore, dermatologists advised to apply sunscreen whenever the children go outside to play.
Teenagers usually deal with peer pressure and stress related to their studies and career. Dermatologists say that stress could worsen the acne among teens and trigger more production of sebum in the skin. Therefore, it is advised to practice meditation, yoga and do exercise to manage stress.
Tips for Teenage Skin Care Routine
Teenagers should follow a proper skin care routine to keep their skin free from acne and other issues. Here are some skincare tips for keeping the skin of teen healthy and glowing:
Step 1: Cleansing
To wash your face, use a gentle cleanser that suits your skin. Avoid vigorous scrubbing, instead, use soft circular motions to thoroughly clean your face. Cleansing helps in removing dirt from pores of skin and also reduces oil production. Thus, leading to less acne and pimples. It is advised by dermatologists that teenagers should not use soaps on their face as it might cause irritation to the skin and may worsen acne
Teens may use Kosmoderma Gentle Skin Cleanser in their skincare routine. It is crafted with unique formulations and provides an oil-free glow to your skin. The presence of cocoyl taurate in the cleanser helps in keeping your skin smooth and soft without drying.
Step 2: Moisturising
Dermatologists recommend moisturising your skin twice a day to keep it hydrated and supple. Teenagers face the problem of oily skin, therefore apply an oil-free moisturiser to avoid clogging of the pores.
You may use Kosmoderma Moisture Boost Cream that is formulated for all skin types. It is a gel based moisturiser that soothes, refreshes and moisturises your skin. The presence of hyaluronic acid and ceramides prevents dryness by locking moisture in the skin. It also protects skin from environmental damage.
Step 3: Sun Protection
As teenagers are fond of playing outdoor activities, dermatologists advise to use a broad spectrum sunscreen with a SPF more than 30. Also, use a non-oily and non-greasy sunscreen for your skin due to oiliness present in the skin itself. This will protect your skin from UV rays of the sun.
You may use Kosmoderma Photo Protect Sunscreen Gel
with SPF 40 in your daily skincare regime. The sunscreen contains ascorbic acid
and propylene glycol that prevents water loss and results in smooth skin. Also, it is non-oily and lightweight in nature and provides protection from UV light.
Step 4: Acne Treatment
Acne may occur at any age, but teens are more likely to have acne breakouts due to changes in the hormones. Also, they eat lots of sugary and oily food which may trigger acne and worsen the situation. You may use benzoyl peroxide creams and gels that are applied directly on the affected area.
You may use Kosmoderma Acne & Blemish Control Serum
that helps in unclogging the pores and diminishes whiteheads, blackheads. The serum is a unique mix of botanical ingredients that helps in curing acne breakouts. It also soothes the skin by preventing irritation caused due to acne.
Other Dermatologist Recommended Tips
Apart from following a proper skincare regime, dermatologists recommend some other tips too that may be followed by teenagers to help keep their skin healthy:
Dietary recommendations for healthy skin
At any age, eating healthy is vital, but teenagers need to pay particular attention to this. As your body is still growing, you must consume nutritious food like fruits, green leafy vegetables, eggs, nuts, legumes and grains that provide a healthy skin. The skin of teenagers is affected by food items like chocolate, junk food and other sugary drinks. Therefore, try to eat less of these processed foods.
Lifestyle modifications for healthy skin
Acne problem is the most common one in teenagers. Therefore, it is recommended not to pick or pop pimples on your face as it may lead to scarring and also take pimples longer to heal. Also, manage stress by practising yoga and meditation as stress may worsen your skin issues. Furthermore, wash or change the bedsheets and pillowcases frequently as dirty ones may clog your pores of skin, leading to breakouts.
Importance of Seeking Professional Help for Persistent Skin Concerns
If your acne persists after taking precautions, then it is time to talk to a dermatologist. They will offer you a range of treatments that will heal your acne scars, reduce itchiness and prevent further spread. They will look at your skin type and provide the solutions accordingly. Also, they will give you useful tips on how to deal with teenage skin problems.
Practising a proper skincare routine in the early stage is crucial for maintaining a healthy teen skin. Teenagers are more prone to breakouts due to stress and changing hormones. By following the tips mentioned in the blog, a teen may keep their skin glowing.