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What Is Hyaluronic Acid?

Hyaluronic acid is present naturally in the human body. It is a type of sugar molecule that keeps the body tissues intact and lubricated. It is a macromolecule that is too large in terms of molecular size that effectively absorbs into the skin. It is found in extracellular matrix ( gel surrounded by your skin cells), joints and other connective tissues. But the large concentration of it is present in the skin. Skin is made up of 30% of the hyaluronic acid.
It also acts as a humectant that penetrates the epidermis with beneficial moisture to give hydration by drawing moisture from the environment. This makes the skin supple, healthy and moisturised from within. Hyaluronic acid attracts water from the dermis and moves along the epidermis (outer layer of skin). But as we age, our body starts to produce less hyaluronic acid, which leads to fine lines, dryness and wrinkles. Therefore, topical application of hyaluronic acid for skin becomes essential. It not only gives hydration to it but also replenishes the vital ingredients inside it.
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The Benefits of Using Hyaluronic Acid for Skin

It is a versatile ingredient and here are some hyaluronic acid skin benefits:

Hydrates skin

As a humectant, hyaluronic acid aids in the skin's ability to retain moisture. It has the ability to hold up to 1000 times its own molecular weight in water. This action of hyaluronic acid makes it a great option for dry or dehydrated skin. Also, in order to moisten the top layers of skin, it will help draw moisture from the skin's deeper layers. Hyaluronic acid for dry skin also lessens the transepidermal water loss that prevents water from evaporating into the atmosphere. Thus, providing a smooth and soft appearance to your skin.

Reduces visible signs of ageing:

With the increase in age, the production of hyaluronic acid decreases. Therefore, topical application of hyaluronic acid is necessary. It helps in the formation of collagen protein in the skin. Hyaluronic acid for wrinkles makes your skin firm and helps to prevent the formation of wrinkles and fine lines.

Improves skin texture

By lowering inflammation and eliminating rough patches, hyaluronic acid helps in improving the texture of your skin. It also helps in softly hydrating and exfoliating dry, flaky skin, revealing softer, more luminous skin underneath. Hyaluronic acid for dry skin will produce more skin cells when the epidermis is well-protected and well-hydrated.

Soothes sensitive skin

If you have skin prone to redness and irritation, hyaluronic acid is the best choice as it is highly calming in nature. Along with providing hydration, it will shield your skin from any sort of irritation or inflammation. Thus, healing your skin from deep within.

Encourages the skin's natural healing mechanism

Hyaluronic acid for the face is essential for healthy, glowing skin because it helps the skin recover more quickly. It also contributes in accelerating wound healing by lowering inflammation and encouraging cell renewal. This makes a great option for people who have acne, scars and blemishes.

Which skin type can use hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronic acid is the best option for all the skin types. It is especially beneficial for individuals having dry and dehydrated skin. This is because it provides hydration and glow to your skin by removing flakiness and roughness from your skin. If you have sensitive skin, hyaluronic acid can be used on it as well. This is because of its gentle nature and soothing effect. This ingredient will ease out the irritation and redness of your skin.
Even though an individual is having acne-prone or oily skin, hyaluronic acid is a great choice. It helps in regulating the production of sebum and makes skin hydrated. Oily skin responds by releasing even more oil in order to moisturise the skin when it is dehydrated. This may result in skin problems like acne. Therefore, use hyaluronic acid products for oily skin that are free from added preservatives and combine them with an oil- free moisturiser for better results.

How to Use Hyaluronic Acid on Your Skin

There are many products like moisturisers, serums and gels that have hyaluronic acid in them as an active ingredient. You can incorporate hyaluronic acid in your skincare routine by following some tips:
  • Firstly, it is important to cleanse your face with a cleanser. Avoid using soaps on your face as it will strip off some essential oils from it.
  • Apply hyaluronic acid gel or moisturiser on your face and neck.
  • If you are using hyaluronic acid serum, it is recommended to apply before using moisturiser so that it will seal the hydration in your skin all day long.
  • After using hyaluronic acid products on your skin, always use sunscreen. This will protect your skin from UV rays and will preserve the moisture of hyaluronic acid.
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How to choose a hyaluronic acid product

There are many hyaluronic acid products available in the market. Here are two key components that you should look before choosing a hyaluronic acid product:

A balanced concentration

In many products, only 0.25%–1.75% hyaluronic acid is present. This concentration is so low that your skin will feel less hydrated. It won’t help to remove dryness from your skin. As hyaluronic acid attracts all of the water molecules, if the concentration is too high, it can actually draw moisture from your skin. This is a major drawback if you are using a very high concentration of hyaluronic acid. Therefore, a well balanced concentration of hyaluronic acid in the product is favourable. It should be more than 2% in serums, moisturisers or gels.

Other ingredients

Apart from hyaluronic acid in the products, it is important to pay attention to the other ingredients too. If you have dry skin, look for hyaluronic acid gel with additional moisture-boosting components like glycerin or shea butter. Additionally, look for antioxidants like vitamin C or E, niacinamide if your skin shows wrinkles and fine lines.

Are There Any Side Effects of Hyaluronic Acid?

Hyaluronic acid is a gentle and safe ingredient when used topically on the skin. It is a molecule that is suitable for all skin types. Whether you have sensitive, dry or oily skin, allergic reactions to hyaluronic acid are rare. This ingredient doesn’t cause any issue. If you experience any type of irritation, redness or itching on your skin, it is due to the other ingredients present in the product. Sometimes the combination of those ingredients may cause allergic reactions to your skin.
For some people, the topical products containing hyaluronic acid may make skin feel dry. This is also due to the incorrect combination. If you experience any side effects, stop using the product and consult a dermatologist for the same. Therefore, It is recommended to always do a patch test before using a new product.

Most Effective Hyaluronic Acid Product

Kosmoderma Hydra Boost Gel is one of the promising products that contains hyaluronic acid as an active ingredient. This gel restores the barrier of skin and holds moisture in the skin cells. The other ingredients like tocopherol and DL Panthenol are known for their antioxidant properties. Apart from hydration, it boosts collagen production and helps in improving the visible signs of ageing.
This moisture cream can be used both in day and night. You have to simply cleanse your face with a gentle cleanser and pump 3-4 drops of gel on the face and neck. Massage it gently in circular motion and follow it up with sunscreen in the day. It is 100% safe and free from harsh chemicals.

Conclusion

Hyaluronic acid is a humectant ingredient used in many skincare products. It is a lightweight molecule that is designed to nourish all the skin types. It easily provides moisture to your skin and can stay for a long period of time. You can safely include hyaluronic acid in your skincare regime.

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